Usage of CBD for Spinal Cord Injuries

by Mubashar

Introduction

                                     This article is about the usage of CBD or cannabis for the treatment of many spinal cords and nervous system-related issues and severe conditions sorted diseases. Spinal cord and motor receptive tissues are found in the human body for the proper functioning of the human body.

These receptors play a vital role in the functioning of every organ and message impulses sent to every part of the body to function and respond. If they do not function properly and promptly they can do serious damages and harm to the human body. Proper functioning of these receptors is mandatory for the accurate working or performance of the human body.

CBD is tested and trialed in many terms for the health benefits related to human beings.

What is a spinal cord?

                                            The spinal cord is a long fragile tube-like structure in the human body that starts from the end of the brain and continues to the bottom of the spine. The spinal cord is the most active sensory organ which carries impulse-based messages from the brain to the whole body.

What are the major functions of a spinal cord?

                                               The spinal cord is a long bundle of sensory nerves that carry impulse-based messages to the whole body and is considered the most important and sensitive organ in the human body.

  • The following major or key functions a spinal cord performs in the human body.
  • It carries messages and impulses sent from the brain to the body.
  • It also transmits messages from the body to the brain.

All the reflexes of the human body that are created in different situations are controlled by the spinal cord in instance to perform them accurately and timely.

Possible injuries of a spinal cord

                           The spinal cord is one of the most delicate and sensitive parts of the human body. The most sustainable injuries which can occur to a spinal cord are vehicle accidental injuries, gunshot wounds, sports-based injuries, falling injuries. These injuries are classified into two types such as complete injury or incomplete injuries.

According to research around a major portion of spinal cord injuries are complete injuries making a severe loss or dangerous impacts on motor receptors of the body. These injuries might lead to permanent paralysis for a lifetime. Whereas in incomplete injuries a part or portion of the body gets paralyzed or affected normally but not the whole body.

Spinal cord injuries may result from damage to the vertebrae, ligaments, or discs of the spinal column or to the spinal cord itself. A traumatic spinal cord injury may stem from a sudden, traumatic blow to your spine that fractures, dislocates, crushes, or compresses one or more of your vertebrae.

Spinal concussions can also occur in the body with the impacts of the injuries. These can be complete or incomplete, but spinal cord dysfunction is transient, generally resolving within one or two days. Football players are especially susceptible to spinal concussions and spinal cord contusions. The latter may produce neurological symptoms, including numbness, tingling, and electric shock-like sensations, and burning in the extremities.

Open or penetrating injuries to the spine and spinal cord, especially those caused by firearms, may present somewhat different challenges. Most gunshot wounds to the spine are stable; i.e., they do not carry as much risk of excessive and potentially dangerous motion of the injured parts of the spine. Depending upon the anatomy of the injury, the patient may need to be immobilized with a collar or brace for several weeks or months so that the parts of the spine fractured by the bullet heals. In most cases, surgery to remove the bullet does not yield many benefits and may create additional risks, including infection, cerebrospinal fluid leak, and bleeding. However, occasional cases of gunshot wounds to the spine may require surgical decompression and/or fusion in an attempt to optimize outcome.

What is CBD?

Cannabis, also known as marijuana, has seen a resurgence regarding its medicinal properties. For people with spinal cord injuries, they have been benefiting. There have been several studies in the last 20 years in countries across the world looking at how TCH and CBD, the two most popular properties on the cannabis plant, can help people living with paralysis.

What the studies have found reiterates what people living with SCI have said for years – that medical cannabis can help in many impactful ways. While some people may not notice any benefit, many with SCI do. Moving away from opioids and other drugs can also help in many important ways. See below to discover the most significant ways cannabis can help people living with paralysis.

How CBD is helpful in Spinal Cord Injuries?

Spinal cord pains are very much critical and painful. Human body movement depends on the spinal cord.

Many patients face SCI in terms of severe pains in spinal cord injuries limiting their movements and also making impossibilities for them to lift heavyweights. CBD is proved to have many beneficial impacts on pain relief and pain management. Another study also found that if cannabis was vaporized with a low level of THC (2.9%), greater relief from their pain was found. This study was published in the Journal of Pain in 2016. The chronic pain that people experience is both musculoskeletal pain problems and/or neuropathic pain. There was a study in 2006 as well that discovered that cannabis with massage can greatly help chronic pain in people with spinal cord injuries.

And lastly, an important benefit of cannabis for pain relief is taking fewer opioids, which are notorious for their bad side-effects such as constipation, addiction, drowsiness, inhibiting breathing, and the possibility of an overdose if too many are taken. 

CBD and motor function

Cannabis can be the best remedy for motor or receptive disorders. Its usage can be the most beneficial in terms of eradication of many illnesses caused by different types of accidents causing immobility and motionlessness in the human body. Like muscle contraction, movements, and displacement may be altered and can cause reduced mobility in the patient. On most occasions, people with mobility problems cannot move independently and require material assistance (wheelchair, crutches) or help from other people in their day-to-day life.

The loss of motor skills can be caused by several disorders: movement synchronization problems, strong cramps, stiffness due to lack of joint flexibility, balance, or leg weakness disorders due to lack of muscular strength. 

Cannabis-based treatment for these

Cannabinoids can help in the improvement of motory receptive functions in the human body. Cannabinoids have proved many positive impacts on the human body and in the treatment of different ailments of the human body. The nervous system is the most delicate and performing system of the human body. Cannabidiol has many other positive effects. This means that this component of the medicinal cannabis could help to heal the tissue that has suffered trauma. It is also hoped that these results in animals can be reproduced on a human scale and that medicinal cannabis is effective in helping to produce better motor skills and mobility.

Several studies in humans have already shown conclusive results of treating spasticity, another type of motor disorder, with medicinal cannabis. This disorder causes involuntary muscle contractions that cause muscle stiffness. In a 2013 study, 50 patients were treated with CBD and THC, 80% of them claimed to experience a reduction in their spasticity.

CBD and treatment of motor-receptive issues of the human body

Cannabis and cannabinoids like THC and CBD may deliver many health benefits in terms of treatment of these issues in the human body. In all of the different issues and diseases faced by the human body these motor receptive, and nervous tissues are the most sensitive and time taking in treatment issues. The human body works based on motory skills. Body sensations and impulse responses are done based on the frequency of these receptions. If these receptions do not function properly then they do not produce effective results. 

Besides, the spinal cord is a vital part of the central nervous system. The purpose of the spinal cord is to control, coordinate, and synchronize various activities within our bodies. Also, our spinal cord has different jobs with one of them being the communication of messages between the brain and the body. As a result, this allows us to move about and feel different sensations. When it comes to SCI, the severity depends on the cause and based on where the injury is exactly and its height, the severity of it will differ. Generally, SCI affects one’s sensory-motor function in addition to delivering painful side effects.

 Cannabis is a natural treatment of these issues

Fortunately, though, different research findings have shown that cannabis, CBD, and THC can help deliver relief to SCI patients. Not only can the cannabis plant help reduce the side effects and complications caused by SCI, but it’s also believed that the plant can help the body fix itself. For centuries, cannabis has been used as a pain-reliever, and to this day, cannabis and CBD are used as natural analgesics. It has been discovered from one study that cannabis works to regulate pain perception amongst those suffering from different levels of pain. Another study found that when cannabis is combined with massages, the most pain-relief was experienced by SCI sufferers.

Although the cannabis plant is an effective pain reliever, it can also deliver many other medicinal and therapeutic benefits. For example, from one study, numerous researchers suggest that cannabis can arouse a neuroprotective response. The following was stated in the conclusion of the study, “Our results suggest that the endo-cannabinoids acting through CB1 and CB2 receptors are part of an early neuroprotective response triggered after SCI that is involved in the spontaneous recovery after an incomplete lesion.” Thus far, since cannabinoid usage delivers analgesic properties and a neuroprotective response, there’s hope for SCI patients.

Furthermore, besides cannabis’s analgesic properties, the plant also works as a muscle relaxant by relieving muscle spasms. When one experiences paralysis, they often feel spasticity as a common side effect. Surprisingly, in the late 1890s, Dr. J Reynolds discovered cannabis’s efficacy in the treatment of muscle spasms. In general, cannabis works as a natural anti-spasm substance, and one study found that the combination of CBD and THC in the form of Sativex (a sublingual spray) helped reduce muscle spasms.

Although the study’s participants were MS patients, these results are noteworthy, and they represent potential for the treatment of muscle spasticity due to SCI. Additionally, researchers concluded the following about another study related to muscle spasticity and pain: “…Cannabis extracts have shown effectiveness to relieve some symptoms of the patients with Multiple Sclerosis mainly for pain and spasticity.” Also, there’s a significant amount of anecdotal evidence and stories regarding cannabis’s ability to help SCI patients.

Overall, despite various treatment methods available for SCI like physical therapy, therapeutic massages, acupuncture, cognitive restructuring, and psychotherapy, they aren’t effective for everyone. Sometimes, certain medications are prescribed for pain management, but many patients have turned away from them due to their slew of side effects and addictive profile. Besides cannabis being a natural treatment method, it can also relieve numerous painful side effects and also improve one’s quality of life and ability to be healthy again. More research is still needed on the link between cannabis, CBD, THC, and spinal cord injuries, but the research findings that have been released so far are both significant and hopeful.

Summary

The bottom line is CBD and its related products are very beneficial in the treatment of the human body. This naturally produced and the found compound is the best natural discovery so far tested for many of the medical issues caused in the human body due to certain factors. The human body is controlled by the nervous system which is the most complex system of the human body. As it controls the whole body and its functionality so that the body performs everything accurately and precisely. Any sort of malfunction in the human nervous system may cause many issues and problems which may be painful for the human body to bear.

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